In Chapter 2, Paul was challenging his audience to think carefully about themselves to see if they have repented and if their heart has changed in a way where they truly obey the law. If not, they will be judged.
Paul addresses questions about the difference between Jews and Gentiles because of his statements about how what matters is not that you have the law, but if you obey it or not.
In Chapter 3, Paul affirms the advantage that Jews have because they were entrusted with the oracles of God, but makes the case that both Jews and Gentiles are under sin.
Righteous adj. - morally right or justifiable; virtuous.
Jesus - someone who fulfills the law
Based on verse 11-18, how does God's Word describe someone who is unrighteous?
doesn't seek for God v11
bad mouth, "full of curses and bitterness". v13
bad actions, "Their feet are swift to shed blood; in their paths are ruin and misery" v15-16
Why does Paul come to the conclusion he comes to in v20?
Because all are under sin, no one is righteous
Do you seek for God? What are some things you tend to seek for other than God?
Do you know what one of the most dangerous thing in your life is?
It's not ISIS. It's not gun violence. It's not even the bad things like drugs or violence. Rather, it is the good things in life. Good things becoming the best things. And they're dangerous because you think they are good, but with good things, it's harder to tell if they're slowly destroying your life and pulling you away from God.
the approval of our friends
How many of you use social media?
You may have many reasons but one reason might be (and I'm guilty of this too) because in social media you can pick and choose what to post. Have you ever thought really hard about what you wanted to post. Thinking, if I post this our if I post that what will so and so think? And this is why we love it when we get likes. It's our affirmation. It gives us comfort to know that someone likes us. Again seeking for the approval of friends.
the approval of our parents
How many of us get super angry when our parents compare us to other people? Have you ever wondered why that bother us so much?
I remember when I was about to graduate from high school...
the hope of a fulfilling life
Have you guys ever heard of phrases like "live life to the fullest", "Yolo", "carpe diem", "seize the day", "live a life you will remember"?
It doesn't sound evil right? It doesn't sound like it's against God but have you ever thought about the mindset behind such phrases?
I think the mindset comes from a thinking that God does not exist or that the life we have now is all there is.
This is the best motivation for living that society can give you apart from God. Without God, for what other reason should we live?
I was evangelizing to friends who don't believe in God. I asked them, "if God does not exist, what's the purpose of living?" This is the answer they would give. But you could tell in the way they would respond, that they weren't even satisfied with their own answer. There was no joy about it.
the hope of a fulfilling career
Some of you are going to college soon. Some of you are just focusing on doing well this semester. But I want to challenge you guys. How often have we put aside Bible reading and praying everyday and our excuse is because we have too much homework? I know this is a hard question to think about but I want you to be thoughtful about this. Do you think maybe the reason why you say those things is because you deep down are trying to find hope in doing well in school and not in Christ?
Back when I was in college, I was talking to one of my mentors. He was asking me how I was doing and I told him I was struggling to read my Bible because I was just so busy with school work. This was the most memorable time where he told me that it's sad because school is a good thing. But when we turn it into the best thing, it becomes a bad thing. Does that make sense?
Justified - Justification is the doctrine that God pardons, accepts, and declares a sinner to be "just" on the basis of Christ's righteousness (v27-28)
Court room example
Propitiation (noun) - "Propitiation means the turning away of wrath by an offering. In relation to soteriology, propitiation means placating or satisfying the wrath of God by the atoning sacrifice of Christ."
Have you ever done something wrong and you try to do something else so that your parents don't punish you?
Based on v21-22, no one is righteous by the law, but now how can we be counted before God as righteous?
Through faith in Jesus Christ
What is faith though?
More than just a mental assent
Illustration: hang glider, chair
Based on v23-26, how has God's righteousness been shown?
In the gospel. We don't measure up. God maintains His righteousness by passing His righteous judgement on Jesus.
Paul again brings up the discussion about the difference between Jews and Gentiles. God is the God of Jews and gentiles. They are both justified in the same way: by faith (v29-30)
Since we are made righteous by faith in Jesus, does that mean we can forget about the law? (v31)
Paul anticipates that people will think that we can sin, but having been saved by faith, we are changed from the inside out and we actually desire to obey God and uphold the law. This leads to our conclusion.
Jesus is the propitiation for our sins
Jesus also frees us from our sins
Jesus vs friend/parent approval
Jesus vs fulfilling life
Jesus vs fulfilling career
Once you know Christ, Christ becomes your ultimate treasure and these things are put under a new light. That is instead of seeking after these things for fulfillment and joy, you come to see the beautiful Christ, how He frees us from bondage to these things and in your awe, you begin to say with Paul, "Indeed, I count everything as loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things and count them as rubbish, in order that I may gain Christ and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith— (Philippians 3:8-9 ESV)